In 1964, Peter Cook’s Plug-In City was presented alongside urban visions, New Babylon by Constant and Le Ville Spatiale by Yona Friedman. These 60’s icons had become the defining urban utopia agglomeration of possible habitation for human civilization. Even though these ideas are sprinkled with pop art and comic like graphic, the idea of superstructures and integrated mammoth like infrastructure might be the answer for future human habitation. Unfortunately since then, the idea of mankind thriving in superstructures were almost left out for the fiction movies, graphic novels and video games. They were never seriously considered as a real solution to the pressing population surge especially with the constant instability of political and geographical landscape.
In 2015, the world would optimistically have to build 96,150 homes a day in order to keep up with the global population growth. Insufficient housing would only push the quality of houses down to keep the quantity high as desperation for space already becomes real.
Housing problems are not only centered in large urban areas, but it also affects the countryside and the suburbs. The intimate, fine grained urban villages are disappearing in major Asian cities due to the recent economic explosion with the promise of better living qualities. In a hardcore ‘attack of the blocks’ to Asian cities, almost all urban villages have been replaced by repetitive slabs and faceless façades destroying almost in an instant the history and culture that have evolved over hundreds of years. These blocks no longer have a character and become less and less humane due to designs that increasingly encourage isolation, limited space and unlivable living conditions.3
This research attempts to open the discussion about how densified living can enrich lives and strengthen heritage and culture instead of destroying them. The concentration of residents should be seen as a resource instead of a by product of mass dwelling. The diverse skill sets and backgrounds of the residents should be the strength of living in a vertical community. Celebration of identity and personality is important and new approaches towards housing typologies must be created.
In this manifesto, the ideas of what dwellings should be are introduced in an implementation of a design exercise. The work is in a format of framework and nowhere near to be a definite design proposal. This framework however is important to generate contextualized variants that support the individuality of the residents, political and economical atmosphere. Hopefully the findings, discussions and after thought of the manifesto will spark clues that reveal the solution of future mankind habitation.
Material: 150gsm art paper printed on both sides
Size: Open 500x700mm, Folded 250x100mm
Price: MYR10 SGD8 IDR60,000 USD8 GBP4 EUR5