Project Tittle : Superhômes (2012)
Site : Section 7 Shah Alam, Malaysia
Project Team : Qhawarizmi Norhisham, Yasmin Rahman, Aszhahari Mukhtar, Sarah Rahman, Khairiyah Badruddin
Type : Greentech House Competition
Project Cost : RM 1 mil / USD 330k
The Superhome is a reinterpretation and re-adaptation of climatic aspects of the Malay Kampung House whereby it provides an invaluable example of design evolution by looking to the past culture for inspiration. The unlimited parametric exploration of creative combination allows a vast variety of Superhomes to be suited in a typology of the selected site. These Superhomes try to challenge the idea of a house into a mini plant for production of energy. The ever growing housing demand in Malaysia consumes a tremendous amount of energy, resources and materials as the population rises with each new family wanting to stay in a brand new home. As there is no stop to this issue, the idea is to manipulate the growing demand concurrently with the production of energy. The house aims to be an energy hub for a household to produce sufficient energy be it in terms of commuting, socializing or recreation. Superhomes will be the ultimate vision of a tropical home solution as it embraces new technology in order to enhance the sustainability mark to protect our natural and built environment for future generations.
1. Innovative technological
Reducing the need of activities that consume a lot of infrastructural energy. For example, shopping online, work from home, not refuelling petrol, eat home grown food, online learning, in house entertainment and continuous cycle of cooking gas.
2. Energy & Resource production
The superhomes are totally independent from the national grid line. It produces its 100% energy need on site and any surplus becomes a source of income to the family.
3. Low Energy Use
Artificial cooling and lighting methods help provide a comfortable indoor environment, but this extensive use of energy contributes a lot to global warming as it is the major contributor of energy waste in every household. Exploration of improving the passive cooling and lighting have been adapted though out the design.
4. Efficient Natural Day Lighting
As our country is abundant with natural day lighting at most hours of the day, light will be passed though with large overhangs to protect excessive heat from directly penetrating the space.
5. Environmentally Responsive
The design needs to reduce internal temperatures through balancing microclimate with maximized natural ventilation rates, reducing overheating, appropriate orientation, protection from low angle sun and appropriate use of shading devices.
6. Site Responsive
Respect to the natural landscape must be considered as it not only preserves its surrounding flora and fauna but it minimizes costly groundworks. The beautiful views from the selected site near a small lake has also been given priority to maximize outward views.
7. Water Preserving
Water is a resource that continuously needs to be preserved. Only 7% of domestic water consumption needs are used for cooking and drinking, with the rest simply being flushed down the WC, used for shower and other daily activities. Small inexpensive fixtures help save water throughout the household, all the necessities will be applied.
8. Flexible and Adaptable
The spaces within these Superhomes will be adapted accordingly to the family needs. The open plan allows pre-modification to be easily made by the design team to suit the family needs.
9. Waste Minimizing
On the average, 6 tonnes of building material is consumed per person. The need to re-use, reduce and recycle is applied extensively where ever possible to ensure that the project minimized the depletion of natural resources.
Modularization is essential though out the scheme as minimization of different component sizes reduces wastage and erection duration. Window and door sizes though out the house are kept at a regular and repetitive size. This includes all railings for the rotating walls.
11. Green Assessment Validated
As the increasing number of awareness towards green design, the project will undertake the GBI scoring to demonstrate its green credentials to the general public. Specific topics for each GBI category will be individually presented in the report.
12. Carbon Neutral & Zero Energy
Carbon monitoring has been a major measurement as its impact on the environment is profound. In order to balance the more subjective measure of the green assessment methods, a target of carbon neutral would be set in order to demonstrate a zero impact on the environment.
The interior environment is much influenced by green living. Beautiful and stylish sustainable furniture can be found within each space such as bamboo fiber mattresses and sofas as well as low VOC carpeting. The interior floor finish ranges from oil palm trunk floor which has high impact and load resistance as well as bamboo fiber flooring. Recycled glass and steel is barely visible as it portrays exterior properties which differences are unrecognizable from its virgin elements. Both these materials minimize the embedded energy in glass and steel production.
Below is a short video emphasizing the sustainable incisions of Superhômes.
Pecha Kucha 2012
Design Biennale: Akar
at Universiti Teknologi MARA, Shah Alam
5 April 2012